How To Calculate Adwords Conversion Value or Value Per Conversion

By | March 1, 2017

Adwords Conversion Value Or Value Per Conversion:

Value-per-conversion is the amount of expected profit or value you gain from each conversion. If you can estimate value-per-conversion for a given product or service, it’s a useful benchmark to define the upper limit that you can invest in advertising per conversion before becoming unprofitable.

CPA Targets:

CPA targets can be helpful for establishing or maintaining profitability, and are usually set below your value-per-conversion.

Example: If a remote-control helicopter sale is worth $50 profit and any CPA below that is profitable, a $10 CPA target can help achieve a consistent $40 profit-per-sale (after advertising costs).

By testing different CPA targets, you can learn which one achieves the optimal balance of profit-per-sale and sales volume

When estimating value per conversion or conversion value, it’s often strategic to factor in things like repeat business, word-of-mouth, and lifetime customer value. Factoring in these values can give you the flexibility to bid higher while confidently bidding below your value-per-click.

Let’s look at a fictional business-to-business machinery company named Example Machines to see how this works. Rather than sell directly online, Example Machines uses AdWords to generate leads for its sales team. We’ll factor that in too.

Short-term conversion value for Example Machines

Average deal revenue: $3,000
Profit margin: 45%
Leads that convert to a deal: 20%

Max Profitable CPA or Value per conversion (short-term): $3000* 45%*20%= $270

Factoring in word-of-mouth

Example Machines has data showing that for each customer they usually gain 15% in additional business through word-of-mouth. Here’s how we factor that in:

Value-per-lead (short term): $270
Gain from word-of-mouth: 15%
Value per conversion (+word-of-mouth):  $270 * 115% = $310.50

Note that we multiply by 115% instead of 15%. This is because we are amplifying a gain as opposed to a loss.

Factoring in lifetime customer value

Lastly, Example Machines knows that each new customer makes repeat purchases worth approximately $5,000 in revenue over their lifetime. It’s easiest to factor this into initial deal value.
Average deal revenue: $3,000
Repeat business over lifetime: $5,000
Profit margin: 45%
Lifetime profit-per-customer: $3,600 ($3,000 + $5,000)*(45%)

Then we can factor back in how many leads convert to a deal and word-of-mouth gains:
Lifetime profit-per-customer: $3,600
Leads that convert to a deal: 20%
Gain from word-of-mouth: 15%
Lifetime value per conversion: $828.00 ($3,600 * 20% * 115%)

How this enables more strategic bidding
Let’s assume 5% of clicks convert to a sales lead and see how this affects our value-per-click:

Value Per Click:

Value per click is the Max.CPC you are willing to pay for a click. Even though you bid on Max.CPC, you never pay more than the Max.CPC. Infact you pay less than that.

Value per click = Max.CPA * Avg Conversion Rate

Value-per-click (short term): $13.50 ($270.00 * 5%)
Value-per-click (+word-of-mouth): $15.53 ($310.50 * 5%)
Value-per-click (lifetime): $41.40 ($828.00 * 5%)

Notice how factoring in full conversion value enables Example Machines to consider a broader range of profitable CPC bids.

Adwords Conversion value challenges

Many factors can make it difficult to estimate conversion value in practice. Some examples include:

A hotel chain where inventory is limited by time and available rooms
An e-commerce site where customers search for one product, then purchase another
Business services where deal sizes can vary from thousands to millions of dollars
Subscription services where a new customer may enroll in a range of offerings over time

Even in cases where estimating conversion value is difficult, it still may be possible to use an estimated range for your likely conversion value, or conservative estimates for factors that are difficult to track. For example, if you’re intuitively confident that gains from word-of-mouth represent an additional 20-30% of value but you lack definitive tracking, using a 15-20% conservative estimate is often more helpful than using no value at all.

Choosing your conversion value

It’s important to use a method that makes sense for your business and advertising objectives. Short-term conversion values can be useful when you want to maximize immediate profit or customer acquisition as cash flows allow. Lifetime conversion values can be more useful when trying to maximize long term growth. When choosing a conversion value, it’s important to opt for a method that aligns with your goals.

Know more about Performance ,Profitability and Growth

About The Author

Digital Marketing Consultant from BangaloreHi, This is Ram Mohan, Digital Marketing Consultant from Bangalore. I am also a Trainer and Blogger on Digital Marketing. Know more about me here

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